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Tag: Egyptology

The Valley of the Kings

For the ancient Egyptians it was very important that the deceased be buried with a funeral kit that would help the soul to be reborn to eternal life: they were in fact convinced that death put an end only to earthly life and that when the soul, always present, is it would be reunited with…
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02/21/2021 0

The Papyrus of Ani

The Papyrus of Ani is one of the most complete versions of the Book of the Dead we have, hence its fame. It was composed during the nineteenth dynasty, around 1275 BC, for Ani, royal scribe of Thebes, and his wife Tutu, priestess of Amon. The papyrus was composed by joining six different sections, varying…
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01/25/2021 0


  Archaeologists have never given up the hope of one day finding the burial place of Pharaoh Akhenaten, who disappeared in mysterious circumstances after 17 years on the throne, and was succeeded by his son Tutankhamun. Some archaeologists are even looking for the king’s tomb far away from the Nile Valley, in the desert of…
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12/09/2020 0

The Sed-festival (Heb Sed)

The Sed festival (Heb Sed), named after the jackal god “Sed”, was the most important celebration of kingship in ancient Egypt. Its origin rooted in the pre-dynastic times (before 3150 BC) and lasted until the Ptolemaic Period, celebrating the continued rule of the pharaoh. The festival started during the month of Choiak, the fourth month…
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11/13/2020 0

Akhenaten’s successors

Between Akhenaten and Tutankhamun, Manetho mentions two sovereigns named “Akhenkherres”, a man and a woman; the latter is referred to as “king’s daughter”. This situation is reflected in Egyptian sources (inscriptions on blocks and stelae, seal impressions, “labels” of jars) which mention two rulers in the Amarnian age with a praenomen (ie name of throne)…
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09/20/2020 0

Ushabti: to the deceased service

  The Egyptians believed that the afterlife was a restatement of the earthly life and as such the dead were both obliged to carry out daily tasks that had accompanied them during the course of life is to provide for themselves. Resulting of corvées considered boring, such as irrigation and working the fields that the…
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08/29/2020 0

Egyptian Demons and Magic: Exorcising Evil Spirits

Most of us are familiar with the images of the deities, kings and queens of Egypt; but for every one of the famous scenes reproduced from those times, smaller, more obscure supernatural figures are far more numerous. Many of these entities fall into a category of supernatural beings known as demons or daemons. They also…
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05/03/2020 0

The religion of light

Pharaoh Amenhotep IV changed the name to Akhenaten in honor of the god Aten. After his death his name was erased from the lists of kings, all his monuments, all his symbols were destroyed to erase his memory. In modern times, his epigraphs dating back to the time of Amarna (Akhetaten) were rediscovered, and it…
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04/22/2020 0

The Book of the Two Ways

The most detailed graphical composition of the Coffin Texts is the “Book of Two Ways”. This collection (also known as the “Guide to the Ways of Rostau”) is found on a few coffins from the Middle Egyptian necropolis of Deir el Bersha and is the earliest example of a map of the netherworld. It is…
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04/12/2020 0

The pillar Ged

If the knot Tit is the symbol of Isis, the pillar Ged is of his spouse Osiris; Moreover, the two most famous divine couple of Egypt comes these two symbols. The origin of Ged, however, is certainly prior to the appearance of Osiris in the Nile Valley. In the Neolithic period, it was a fetish,…
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01/22/2020 0