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Categoria: Egyptology

The texts of the ostraka

The informal texts written on the ostraka are usually documents that give us more information about daily life in the Nile valley. The vast majority of these ostraka with texts were found in a large landfill near Deir El-Medina, the village of workers who excavated tombs in the Valley of the Kings. The percentage of…
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11/30/2019 0

Who were the Hyksos?

Manetho, the Egyptian historian, who lived in the Ptolemaic era, is the main source of information on the invasion of the Hyksos. Some pieces of information dealing with the invasion are preserved by Josephus, Eusebius and Sestus Giulius Africanus. Josephus, has preserved a large part of the second book of the Egypt of Manetho. Quote…
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11/25/2019 0

The Egyptian Priestly class

In ancient Egypt only the pharaoh could talk with the deities and the human and divine world. He celebrated all the ceremonies of the Egyptian religion: the daily rites and the special celebrations that take place in the various temples. It was a very hard work and difficult to handle even for the divine Pharaoh.…
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11/19/2019 0

ATEN THE TRUE GOD

Among the beautiful buildings and the verdant gardens of the new city, Akhenaton, a man of about twenty-two, turned his thoughts completely to the development of his religion. It is necessary, therefore, for us to take a look at the essential characteristics of this most enlightened doctrine of the ancient world and, to some extent,…
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11/12/2019 0

The First Prophet of Amun

Every priest had its own name, linked to the type of worship that was responsible: the head of the temple of Ra, in Heliopolis, was for example, “The Great Seer”, the one who took care of the worship of Ptah, at Memphis, was the “Great Art Teacher”. The generic name, “First Prophet” as they now…
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11/07/2019 0

Dentistry in ancient Egypt

Dentistry began many years ago in ancient Egypt. It was invented to help the sick, but over time the Egyptian people started medical schools that taught dentistry. The ancient Egyptians began to study it as a profession and this contributed much to the resolution of cases related to dental problems. The treatment of dental diseases…
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10/24/2019 0

The Stone of Shabaka, the Creation of Ptah

One of the most important cosmogonies preserved today is the one developed by the Priests of Memphis. According to their theory of the creation of the world, the god Ptah, through the heart (the mind) and the language (the word) gave birth and the existence of all things. The document that collects the Memphite cosmogony,…
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10/17/2019 0

THE EGYPTIAN HOLY BOOKS

In the last era of ancient Egypt religious writings were largely translated into Greek, at a time when they were studied and collected as an embodiment of the ideas of a world that was already fading. This revered past has kept its hold on imagination as it contained mystical powers to convince the invisible and…
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09/06/2019 0

I LIBRI SACRI EGIZI

Nell’ultima era dell’antico Egitto gli scritti religiosi erano in gran parte tradotti in greco, in un momento in cui venivano studiati e raccolti come incarnazione delle idee di un mondo che stava già svanendo. Questo venerato passato ha mantenuto la sua presa sull’immaginazione in quanto conteneva poteri mistici per convincere l’invisibile e strani travestimenti di…
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09/02/2019 0

The Princess Neferura

Queen Hatshepsut had only one daughter, Neferura, born of the marriage with Thutmose II. The education of the princess was fundamental and the first to take charge of it was the old soldier who had participated in the conquest of Avaris, Ahmosi Pennekhbet. In this position, he was succeeded by Senmut, who appears together with…
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08/19/2019 0